ProVent Equipment Scrubber

for use with chlorine or sulfur dioxide

The Powell ProVent Equipment Scrubber is designed to evacuate transfer hoses, piping, and vaporizers used for chlorine or sulfur dioxide process systems. The Powell ProVent, which can be sized for your specific needs, recirculates a caustic soda solution through an eductor to safely neutralize any chlorine remaining in the hoses or piping. In case of power failure, the scrubber can still neutralize chlorine or sulfur dioxide under pressure.

ProVent Scrubber System

Other features of the Powell ProVent include:

  • Tefzel®-lined magnetic drive pump or optional titanium pump.
  • Fiberglass tank.
  • Tefzel®-lined steel eductor.
  • PTFE®-lined steel pipe and fittings.
  • Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP) system.
  • Nema 4x FRP control panel using an Allen Bradley Micrologix® processor.

Case Study:

Safety Relief Valve Changed at Customer Sites with use of the Powell ProVent Chlorine Equipment Scrubber

Problem

Two bleach producers experienced similar problems under unrelated circumstances. In one instance, the producer, a major bleach manufacturer in the midwest, experienced a small leak on the safety relief valve of a 90-ton chlorine car connected to a Powell Continuous Bleach Plant System. Although the safety valve was successfully capped without incident using a C kit, and the liquid chlorine was processed to make bleach, a small liquid heel and gas chlorine were left in the 90-ton car.

Due to increased regulatory and safety concerns from the railroad companies and US Department of Transportation, before the car could be returned, it would have to be evacuated and the safety relief valve changed on site. Initially, the chlorine producer proposed to use two empty 90-ton cars under vacuum. This method was not guaranteed to work since the success of the operation depended upon the amount of chlorine remaining in the tank car. Also, the procedure would be time consuming — and expensive.

In a similar situation, a major bleach producer on the east coast also experienced a safety relief valve leak on a chlorine car. As in the scenario above, the safety relief valve was to be replaced after the tank car was unloaded and before it was returned to the chlorine supplier.

Powell Railcar Padding System

Solution

During a review of possible methods to change out the safety relief valve between the chlorine producer and the owner of the midwest facility, it was discussed that the owner had a Powell Provent chlorine scrubber. After discussion with Powell, it was determined the chlorine scrubber was designed to pull vacuums on piping and containers and would, in fact, remove the remaining liquid and vapor from the car.

After the decision was made to utilize the Powell Provent Chlorine Scrubber, in just a few hours of operation, the chlorine car was emptied and the safety relief valve was successfully changed on the car.

The owner of the east coast facility also had a Powell Provent Chlorine Scrubber and the Powell Scrubber was used to pull a vacuum on the tank car and evacuate all chlorine at that facility as well. In both cases, the procedure to change the safety relief valve was essentially the same. After evacuation of the chlorine, the Powell Scrubber at the east coast facility was turned off and, as a precaution, the tank car was purged with dry air at 150 psi from the Powell Dry Air Padding System (shown above). The Powell Scrubber was then turned on to evacuate the remaining chlorine and dry air.

While the Powell Scrubber was in operation and drawing a vacuum on the tank car, a crew sent by the supplier of the chlorine removed the leaking safety relief valve and replaced it with a new one. The car was again pressurized with dry air to 150 psi and checked for leaks. Since there were no leaks, the event was considered successfully concluded and the car was returned to the chlorine supplier.

The photo below shows safety relief valve removed. The process was completed in the field with the aid of a Powell Provent Chlorine Scrubber designed to pull a vacuum.

Railcar with Safety Relief Valve Removed